Author guidelines



Submission checklist

You can use this checklist to carry out a final check of your submission before sending your manuscript to VNU-JEB for review.


  1. Read the Aims, Scope, and Editorial procedures to gain an overview and assess if your manuscript is suitable for VNU-JEB;
  2. Make sure that issues about publication ethics, copyright, disclaimer of rights, figure formats, data, and references format have been appropriately considered;
  3. Use the templates in English or Vietnamese to prepare your manuscript.
  4. Ensure that all authors have approved the content of the submitted manuscript.
  5. One author who is authorized to be the corresponding author must have full contact details stated in the manuscript including: E-mail address, mobile phone number, and full postal address.
  6. Use a “plagiarism” software program to check your manuscript. You are suggested to use some software programs such as DoIT, Turnitin… etc.

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Ethics in publishing

The publication of an article in the double-blind peer-reviewed VNU-JEB is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody scientific methods.

It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behaviors for all parties involved in the act of publishing.

Duties for the Editor in Chief

  1. The Editor in Chief is responsible for assigning reviewers and is the last person to make approval to the manuscripts accepted for publication.
  2. The Editor in Chief must ensure that each manuscript is initially checked, including the examination of the manuscript’s originality and preparation before it is assigned for a double-blind peer-review.
  3. Based on the review report, the Editor-in-Chief has the right to accept or reject a manuscript, or request modification.

Duties for authors

  1. The author is primarily and directly responsible before Vietnam and the International Law on Intellectual Property for the content, quality, legality, and plagiarism (if any) of the article. The author must give a clear and detailed citation of the ideas, research findings of the works, or references belonging to other authors published at home and abroad; ensure that the use of those data is agreed upon by the individuals or institutions that own the data. Plagiarism is considered an ethical violation and is not acceptable.
  2. The author is responsible for the arrangement of names of himself/herself and co-authors, as well as the rights and obligations of the authors. In which: (i) Corresponding author: Takes responsibility for the scientific publication of the authors. (ii) Co-authors: Participate in the research, editing, and commenting to improve the quality of the article.
  3. The author must guarantee to comply with the journal’s author guidelines; revise, supplement and finalize the manuscript at the request of the reviewer and the Editor in Chief.
  4. The author must guarantee that the manuscript is not being considered for publication elsewhere and takes responsibility for having the same manuscript published elsewhere (if any).
  5. The author must submit an explanation to the Editor in Chief of why he/she withdraws the manuscript despite it has been accepted. If the explanation is not accepted by the Editor in Chief, the author is requested to reimburse at least the reviewing and editing fees to the Journal.
  6. Whenever a mistake is detected in the online submission system or in the published paper, the author takes responsibility for keeping the journal informed of this mistake and cooperating with the journal to withdraw or make amendments to the paper if the Editor-in-chief finds such action necessary. If the journal is informed by a third party of the mistake in the paper, the author is responsible for collaborating with the journal including the provision of evidence to the journal if requested.

Duties for reviewers

  1. The reviewer is selected to conduct a double-blind peer review to the manuscript; the reviewer is responsible for evaluating the scientific content of the manuscript in an optimistic, honest manner, and completing the review according to the request and time as set.
  2. The reviewer is responsible for informing the Editor in Chief of the quality and scientific content of the manuscript, giving comments to the manuscript (according to 4 levels: Accepted for publication as it is; Accepted for publication with minor revisions required; Accepted for publication with substantial revisions; Declined).
  3. The reviewer is not allowed to disclose any information relating to the manuscript he/she accepts assessing.
  4. The reviewer must guarantee that the information displayed in the manuscript has clear originality. Any similarities between the submitted manuscript and the published paper (s) must be reported to the Editor in Chief.
  5. The reviewer must make a clear declaration with point-by-point mannered comments.
  6. In case the reviewer can't complete the reviewing process, he/she must make immediate notification to the Editor-in-Chief so the manuscript can be assigned to another reviewer.

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Copyright and disclaimer of right

When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the author agrees to automatic transfer of the copyright to VNU-JEB; the manuscript is not under consideration for publication elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holders. The contents, information of the accepted manuscript have been reviewed by an expert who is a prestigious scientist in the same field; and are thoroughly revised, and edited. The journal however takes no responsibility for any mistakes regards the data, ideas, opinions, cited materials, and paradigm (if any) as well as the consequences triggered from the use of the information included in the published paper in VNU-JEB.

After publication, if the article is found to be plagiarized or violates the prohibited acts specified in the Press Law 2016, it will be withdrawn from the published issue immediately. In such a case, the author must take full responsibility before the law and directly solve the related problems. At the same time, the Journal will publish an erratum in the nearest issue possible.

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  1. The author’s right is recognized for the persons who make significant contributions to the manuscript. Those are considered as co-authors. The corresponding author takes responsibility to name all co-authors; all of those persons have to take a look at and agree upon the final version of the manuscript before it is submitted to the journal.
  2. The author and the institute have a certain right in re-using the work published in the VNU-JEB.
  3. The corresponding author will be mailed with an online submission link, allowing him/her to check the status of the submitted manuscript, make revisions to the manuscript, or see how far has the manuscript been processed.
  4. During the editorial procedures, if the author requests adding or deleting author names to the manuscript, an explanation must be submitted to the Editor-in-chief for acceptance.
  5. The author will be granted a certificate as soon as the manuscript is accepted for publication by the Editor in Chief if he/she asks for.
  6. The author whose paper is published in the VNU-JEB is awarded a score of 0.75 points by the State Council for Professorship in Economics.

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Open access

  • This journal is fully open access; all articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download upon publication.

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Types of publication 

Manuscripts submitted to VNU-JEB should neither be published previously nor be under consideration for publication in another journal. The main article types are as follows:

Original articles: The journal considers all original manuscripts provided that the work reports a substantial amount of new information (original research) or proposes significantly scientific and/or practical methods, ideas, and solutions. Authors should not unnecessarily divide their work into several related manuscripts. The quality and impact of the study will be considered during peer review.

Review articles: These mainly summarize the research findings of existing articles, and thereby making a sound assessment of the main themes, supporting arguments, and implications in the original literature.

Please select the correct type of article when submitting.

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Language (usage and editing services)

  • The manuscripts must be written in Vietnamese or English in a clear, easy-to-understanding manner.
  • The English abstracts of the Vietnamese manuscripts and the English manuscripts are all edited by a native English speaker who is contracted with VNU University of Economics and Business.

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Submit manuscript

The author who submits the manuscript (often as the corresponding author) takes responsibility for the manuscript during the editorial procedures. To submit the manuscript, the author accesses the website at, makes registration, and logs in to submit your paper. All co-authors can track the reception, review, and edition... online through the e-mail address that you have used to register.

As VNU-JEB uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. The author, therefore, is required to submit his/her manuscript with two versions (in Microsoft Word according to the templates) as follows:

  • Full manuscriptThis is the manuscript with author details which should include the author/co-authors’ names, affiliations, a complete address, an email address, and a hand phone number for the corresponding author.
  • Blinded manuscript: This is the manuscript without author details. It should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations.

The template of the English manuscript can be downloaded here

The template of the Vietnamese manuscript can be downloaded here

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Article structure

VNU-JEB has restrictions on the length of manuscripts, provided that the text is concise and comprehensive. The text, therefore, has a minimum of only 4,000 words and does not exceed approximately 6,000 words, inclusive of References, Endnotes, Figures and Tables, etc. Manuscripts should be written and typed in Vietnamese or English. All manuscripts should contain at least 3 keywords; Vietnamese and English manuscripts should have an abstract of up to 250 words; Vietnamese manuscripts should contain one abstract in English and one abstract in Vietnamese.

Essential title page information

  • Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name (s) and family name (s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address, and handphone number of the corresponding author.


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, references should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author (s) and year (s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. The abstract must have a limit of 150-250 words.

Writing an abstract

Writing an abstract can be difficult because you are tasked with condensing tons of work into such a small amount of space. Remember the abstracts you have ever read? What made you read the papers? What made you not to read the papers? Ask yourself these questions when writing an abstract.

When writing an abstract, you should focus on:

  • What your research is about
  • What methods have been used
  • What you found out

Tips for writing an abstract

  1. Your abstract must have a minimum of 150 words and a maximum of 250 words.
  2. Make sure that your abstract is self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, or incomplete references.
  3. It should be a concise summary that makes sense on its own.
  4. There is a significant difference between original research papers and review papers when it comes to abstracts:
  • For original papers, you should describe your method and procedures.
  • For reviews, you should first state the primary objective of the review, the reasoning behind your choice, the main outcomes and results of your review, and the conclusions that might be drawn, including their implications for further research, application, or practice.

Abstract checklist

  • Have you clearly summarized the article?
  • Have you included your keywords?
  • Does it encourage researchers to read on?
  • Does it fit within the word count?
  • Is it easy to understand without any prior knowledge of the topic?

Please see examples here.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a minimum of 3 keywords, and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”). 

Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2,...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its separate line.


Abbreviations must be defined at their first mention there and ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods

Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.


A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.


Results should be clear and concise.


This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. It is similar for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


Collate acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research.

Math formulae

Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images. Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).


Footnotes should be numbered consecutively throughout the article by using the automatic function of creating footnotes at the end of a page. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.


  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing (Times New Roman and the font size of 10 is recommended) of your original artwork. 
  • Illustrations must be of high resolution, clear, with monochrome. With charts, it is recommended to use symbols (instead of colors) for a caption.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text. 
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
  • Provide captions to illustrations separately right beneath the illustrations (not attached to the figure) and state their originality. 


  • Please submit tables as editable text and not as images.
  • Number tables consecutively following their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. 
  • Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. 
  • Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.


Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference links

Increased discoverability of research and high-quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year, and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is highly encouraged.

A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. An example of a citation using DOI for an article not yet in an issue is:

Buckley, P. J., Tian, X. (2017). Internalization Theory and the Performance of Emerging-market Multinational Enterprises. International Business Review26(5), 976-990. 

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. 

How should a manuscript be styled?

VNU-JEB applies APA referencing style. For more details, please see

Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.

Example: “... as demonstrated (Buckley and Tian, 2017). Barkema and Vermeulen (1998) obtained a different result...”

List of references

The list of references is prioritized in alphabetical order, then in chronological order if necessary. Multiple documents from the same author(s) within the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”… after the year of publication. Vietnamese documents must be translated into English.


  1. Reference to a journal publication with an article number: Author name, article title, journal title, volume, issue, year of publication, pp. For example:
  • Barkema, H. G., Vermeulen, F. (1998). International Expansion through Start-up or Acquisition: A Learning Perspective. Academy of Management Journal41(1), 7-26.
  1. Reference to a book: Author name, book title, publisher, place of publication, year of publication. For example:
  • The Communist Party of Vietnam (2015). Report on Theoretical and Practical in 30 Years of Doi Moi (1986-2016). National Publishing House, Hanoi (in Vietnamese).
  1. Reference to a book chapter: author name, chapter title, editor in chief’s name, book title, publisher, place of publication, year of publication, pp. For example:
  • Mettam, G. R., Adams, L. B. (2009). How to Prepare an Electronic Version of Your Article? In Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age (pp. 281-304)E-Publishing Inc.  
  1. Reference to a website: Author name, publication title, date of publication, links, date of access. For example:
  1. Reference to a conference: Author name (year), publication title, date of publication, title of the conference, place of publication. For example:
  • Evans, A. C., Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, R. T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8-11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States.

Reference management software

VNU-JEB appreciates popular reference management software such as Mendeley, Zotero, Citavi, EndNote, the Citations & Bibliography function in Word... When using these software, the author only selects the appropriate APA referencing style when writing his/her manuscript, then the citations and bibliographies are automatically formatted according to the Journal’s specifications.

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See the Regulations on Review and Publication of Articles issued by VNU-JEB here.

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